Saturday, April 9, 2016

Leson despar (14)

The "conditional mood" ends in '-ir':  govrir - would speak; esir - would be.

Its use is similar to the Russian conditional/subjunctive verb with the particle "by":  It denotes a condition contrary to fact:  It translates as past subjunctive and also the English "would X" (when "would" does NOT mean "used to"), sort of like a "future of the past."

an mi esir ermi, mi esir maj apecali.  If I were rich, I would be happier.
Ci ti esir apecali, an ti ihaltir pistolen de li?  Would you be happy if you received a letter from him?

tu vite ku eble  as fast as possible
kutel eble ple avite  the slowest possible.
An mi esir ermi, mi rajsir caste  If I were rich, I would travel often.
Li axar  he believes, he thinks, he has the opinion
Li ihaltar  he believes, assents to the truth of (something/someone)
Li jawbar  he believes, has faith in

1.  Kute ti aladir, an ti esir en sa jad?  Mi aladir kutel eble ple avajti de sa lawti ulicos.
2.  Ci ti jawbir mien (ci ti mo jawbir), an mi eskazir a ti tuten?  Nu, Hero, mi nu jawbir tien, oti atuto esar astini.
3.  Kuton ti delir, an ti esir vajti?  Mi rabotir maj vile kaj mi komir amaj bone.
4.  kutam ti rajsor ku tui muxin?  Ni rajsor kutam ni esor maj ermis.
5.  Kuti daskir sa infansen an sa daskisto idir alada en sa jad?  an li delir tuten, ni avir ali heren kutel daskisto en sa adaskun.
6.  Ci ti kerir nema atuti kuken?  Nu, mi nu kerir dela tuten, oti tuti infanik, kuti apuler ikien, nu matinkomer ajdene.
7.  Kuti kerir peva ojdene ku tuti amuxins?   Me ravir file pamoga zien, an mi avir maj xeri jasen, sed pecale mi pevar tu axere ku mui kuzik.
8.  Ci tui tadin nu posir aida ku ni ojdene a sa koncerto  Nu, li nu posir, oti an li nu alasor en sa hus, li esor janki.
9.  Ci ti vite kuror en sa domat de mui patekin?  Anu, Hero, mi kuror tu vite ku eble.
10.  Ci ti kerir nema atuti du sidilsen kaj geba zien a sa dinisto?  Me ravir file dela ikien, an mi posir; sed mi nu esar tu ixiri ku ti axar.
11.  Ci tui patik aidor ojdene a nui serkomo?  Li zixe aidir, an li nu esir janki;  sed lui janko esar maj ixiri ajdene cem iki eser ejdene, kaj mi nu axar ke li posor aida.

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