Monday, October 24, 2016

Leson defsep (17) / Defsepi leson

Ordinal numbers ("first", "155th" etc.) are created simply by adding -i to the numeral or variant thereof (third = cevi; eighth = ofti):  unui first;  sat pidec pini 155th.

FRACTIONS are formed by adding -on:  a half, duon;  a quarter, paron;  9/10, nef decons.

MULTIPLES are formed by adding -ol:  double, duoli;  times 4, paroli;

DISTRIBUTIVES add -ope:  by twos, duope.

Any of the above can be made into adjectives, adverbs or nouns by the usual derivational rule for creating adjectives, adverbs and nouns:  devduo, dozen;  unue,  firstly, in the first place; duone,  by halves.

Unui,  first                    
Ceve,   thirdly
Dui,   second
Duo  duet
Cedec sisi 36th.
Sa satolo,   the hundred-fold
Ceon,  a third.
Po dec sentos a xuti,  at the rate of 10 cents for each one (note the prepoition used in Govor)
Decon,  a tenth
Duoni mel,  a half an apple (lit; "a half apple"), can also be expressed as duon de mel.
Duoli,  double
Parole,  quadruply
Unue,  Firstly
Telosi,  last
Celi,  whole, entire
Devduo de ajs,  a dozen eggs.
basuka  to visit
jokala  to invite

1.  Kuti esar sa unui en tui daskunel?  Mui amik, Pawlo, esar caste sa unui.
2.  Kutomi ti esar?  Mi esar sa decunui, sed nu sa telosi.
3.  Ci ti aidor peva ku ni ajsere?   Anu, sed unue mo* nadar serkoma.
4.  Kuten ti delor ojdene?  Ojdene mi unue matinkoma, due mi idor a sa jad, ceve mi basukor vien kaj pare, mi jokalor vien ju denkoma ku ligi miks.
5.  Ci ti ageber boni melen?  Mi nu ageber celi melen, sed nur duonen.
6.  Kutom da mels ti avar?  Mi avar par melsen kaj ce parons de mel.
7.  Ci ti beber celi pojelen de caj?  Nu, mi ec nu bebe paronen de mui caj.
8.  Kutom esar sa decol de pin?  Ki esar pidec.
9.  Kutom esar satole ce parons?  Ki esar sedec pin.
10.  Kuti eser en tui kip ejdene miaze?  Ni aver tute decon de afabli heinsen, xutis amikins de mui velin.
11.  Ci vi cele deler vui roboten?  Nu, Herik, mi kien nur duone deler.
12.  Ci ti poser koma tuti kuken kaj tuti melsen? Nu, sa kuk eser duone komebi, sed sa mels eser cele nukomebis.
13.  Kuti govrer sa ple alange ejsere?  Mi axar, ke tui patik govrer ple alange; xuti ali heriks govrer cevole maj lange cem li.
14.  Kutom ti gebor a tuti infaniks ju zui robotad?  Mi gebor a xuti po dec sentos.

* "nada" means "to have to" but is an ergative verb, meaning the "logical subject"(the person on whom the obligation falls)  is in the ACCUSATIVE case and not the nominative:  mO nadar: I have to....;  vO nadar, you all have to.....

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